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The Nile is a major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa, generally regarded as the longest river in the world. It is 6,853 km (4,258 miles) long. The Nile is an “international” river as its water resources are shared by eleven countries. See the fact file below for more information on the River Nile or download the comprehensive worksheet pack which can be utilised within the classroom or home environment.
- The Nile spans 11 countries. These are:
- South Sudan
- The Nile River is the longest river in the world.
- The Nile River flows into the Mediterranean Sea
- The Nile is the primary water source of Egypt and Sudan
- In terms of length the nile is approximately 6,695 kilometers (4,160 miles)
- The Nile has an average discharge of 3.1 million litres of water (680,000 gallons) per second.
- The Nile name comes from the Greek Neilos of which means a valley or river valley.
- Around 40 million people (half of Egypt’s population) live in the Nile Delta region
- Traditionally the Nile used to flood every year between June and September. The Egyptians called this season Akhet – the inundation.
- In 1960 the Egyptian government began the construction of the Aswan Dam. This took over 10 years to build however from 1970 there were no longer annual floods.
- There are several major cities along the stretch of the Nile. These cities consist of the famous Cairo, Thebes/Luxor, Khartoum, Gondokoro, Aswan, and Karnak.
- As the Nile approaches the Mediterranean Sea the river splits into two branches. These as known as the Rosetta branch and the Damietta branch. Both of these actually flow into the Mediterranean sea.
- The River Nile has Ancient Egypt significance. As a result you will notice that a number of Ancient Egyptian famous historical sites are located along the banks of the river. These include the Pyramids within the ancient city of Luxor or the capital city Cairo.
- The Nile river comes from two major sources. These are Lake Victoria which feeds the White Nile & Lake Tana which feeds the Blue Nile Branch.
- The Nile has two major branches (as suggested above), the White Nile and Blue Nile. The White Nile is considered to be the headwaters and primary stream of the Nile itself. The Blue Nile, however, is considered to be the source of the water and the silt.
- Although the river is now called the Nile the Ancient Egyptians called the Nile Ar or Aur which means ‘black’. This name came from the black sediment along the river banks left by the annual floods.
- The area next to the Nile was known as the Black Land.
- The basin of the Nile is incredibly large and includes parts of Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda, Congo and Kenya.
- Early Ancient Egyptian civilizations lived near the Nile as it provided food, water, transportation and rich soil for growing vegetables.
River Nile Worksheets
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use River Nile Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about the Nile which is a major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa, generally regarded as the longest river in the world. It is 6,853 km (4,258 miles) long. The Nile is an “international” river as its water resources are shared by eleven countries.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- River Nile Facts
- Tracing River Nile
- River Nile Word Search
- Fact or Bluff
- River Nile in History
- Cause and Effect
- Livelihood Along the River
- Compare and Contrast
- Touring River Nile
- Significance of the River Nile
- I Learned…
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Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.